MCQ’s Emerging Technologies for Engineering-03

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MCQ’s Emerging Technologies for Engineering-03

PART-3
Q:1. IIoT stands for __________
1.Industrial Internet of Things
2.Internet Internet of Things
3.Intelligence Internet of Things
4.Internal Internet of Things
industrial internet of things (IIoT) refers to the extension and use of the internet of things (IoT) in industrial sectors and applications.

Q:2. Which one of the following is an essential element of Automation System?
1.Sensors
2.Controllers
3.Actuators
4.All the above
All the above options correct.

Q:3. Primary function of a sensor is __________
1.to convert physical quantity to corresponding electrical, optical or any other quantity
2.to convert voltage signal to current signal.
3.to amplify input quantity and to produce an increased output
4.All of the above
A sensor is a device that detects the change in the environment and responds to some output on the other system. A sensor may be a device that detects the change within the environment and responds to some output on the opposite system.

Q:4. What does PLC stand for?
1.Pre-Logic Converter
2.Programmable Logic Converter
3.Post Logic Converter
4.All the above
A programmable logic converter (PLC) or programmable controller is an industrial digital computer that has been ruggedized and adapted for the control of manufacturing processes. A programmable logic controller (PLC) or programmable controller is an industrial computer that has been ruggedized and adapted for the control of producing processes.

Q:5. Industrial Internet of Things refers to:
1.Interconnection of devices in a network
2.Exchange of data between devices in a network
3.An ecosystem of devices, accessible through internet
4.All the above
The industrial internet of things (IIoT) refers to the extension and use of the internet of things (IoT) in industrial sectors and applications. … The IIoT encompasses industrial applications, including robotics, medical devices, and software.

Q:6. IIoT devices must have:
1.A USB port
2.A unique identification
3.Wired connectivity
4.All the above
IIoT devices must have a Unique identification.

Q:7. IIoT is mainly focused on
1.Convenience of individuals
2.Efficiency, safety and security of operation and individuals
3.Efficiency of the system
4.Data security
IIoT is mainly focused on Efficiency, safety and security of operation and individuals. IIoT is especially focused on Efficiency, safety and security of operation and individuals.

Q:8. Role of Actuators in the Industrial Sector.
1.To control the task
2.To sense the input quantity
3.To implement the task.
4.All the above
Actuators, which are responsible for moving, controlling or positioning a mechanism or system, make the working of automated equipment seamless and easy. Actuators, which are liable for moving, controlling or positioning a mechanism or system, make the working of automated equipment seamless and straightforward .

Q:9. Cloud Systems are basically used for…….
1.Storage of Data
2.Ensuring Data Security
3.controlling a process
4.All the above.
Cloud computing is the delivery of different services through the Internet, including data storage, servers, databases, networking, and software. Cloudbased storage makes it possible to save files to a remote database and retrieve them on demand.

Q:10. The huge no of devices connected to the Internet of things have to communicate automatically, not via humans. What is this called?
1.Bot to Bot (B to B)
2.Machine to Machine (M to M)
3.Inter cloud
4.Skynet
The huge no of devices connected to the Internet of things have to communicate automatically, not via humans. What is this called B to B.

Q:11. What are the core objectives of Smart cities?
1.Clean and sustainable environment
2.Apply smart solutions
3.Quality of life
4.All the above
In the approach to the Smart Cities Mission, the objective is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘Smart’ Solutions.

Q:12. What are the things that makes a smart city successful?
1.Pervasive wireless connectivity
2.Open data
2.Security
2.All the above
▪ Strong technology at the core, which will include a critical mass of smartphones, sensors and open data portals.
▪ Applications to translate raw data into insights and actions.
▪ Public adoption.

Q:13. Which among the following is not an Indian government initiative?
1.CITIIS challenge
2.Smart cities digital payment awards,2018
3.Smart Nation
4.India smart cities Fellowship and internship program
Indian government initiative Smart cities digital payment awards,2018.

Q:14. Sensors are a key in fitting out an Internet of Things network. What can such a network monitor?
1.Lighting: Street lights will dim or shut off if there is nothing detected within predetermined time
2.Vehicular and pedestrian traffic
3.Congestion hot spots and offer alternative routing
4.Air quality
5.All the above
Sensors can detect the events or changes in the environments and for the purposes for which they were designed and communicate about these events or changes of specific parameters to system.

Q:15. What is digital inclusion?
1.An algorithm to attract people to the network website
2.Solutions to improve access for all the population to digital tools
3.Full participation by government and business in a digital platform
4.None of the above
The concept of Digital Inclusion is a method of addressing issues related to digital literacy and access to ICT.

Q:16. Identify challenges to developing smart cities:
1.Security and privacy
2.Infrastructure
3.Inclusiveness
4.All the aboves
Infrastructure, Security and Hackers, Privacy Concerns, Educating & Engaging the Community.

Q:17. What is Urban Sprawl
1.Massive migration Rural-urban Migration
2.Real expansion of urban areas
3.High birth rates in urban areas
4.None of the above
Urban sprawl is the unrestricted growth in many urban areas of housing, commercial development, and roads over large expanses of land.

Q:18. Name the country that has proposed to assist in developing Delhi as the first global and smart city in India under the framework of the draft MoU presented on 27th Apr’15?
1.a. Spain
2.b. France
3.Azure Database
4.None of the above
the framework of the draft MoU presented on 27th Apr’15 in Spain.

Q:19. Which of these are ways that smart cities can use data?
1.Offering convenience to all residents AND visitors
2.Controlling costs by conserving resources
3.Identifying where city services are needed
4.All the above
Smart cities use data and technology to create efficiencies, improve sustainability, create economic development, and enhance quality of life factors for people living and working in the city.

Q:20. The core element of architecture of smart city is ________
1.Mobile Unified Service
2.Integrated Information Provider
3.Urban Application Platform
4.Management centre
An IoT platform, which could serve as a generic architectural foundation for a smart city development has a Integrated Information Provider as its core element. Its core element. An IoT platform, which could function a generic architectural foundation for a sensible city development features a Integrated Information Provider as its core element. Its core element.

Q:21. ……….layer is responsible for connecting to other smart things, network devices, and servers.
1.Application
2.Physical
3.Data
4.Network
The network layer is responsible for connecting IoT elements to other smart things, network devices, and servers. The network layer is liable for connecting IoT elements to other smart things, network devices, and servers.

Q:22. The………………. is also known as the middleware layer
1.processing layer
2.Perception Layer
3.Transport Layer
4.Datalink Layer
The Transport layer is also known as the middleware layer.

Q:23. Argyo -setu app uses_______________ for connectivity
1.WiFi
2.Bluetooth
3.NFC
4.WiMax
Argyo -setu app uses Bluetooth for connectivity.

Q:24. ________ transfer the data from IoT devices to internet and act as a medium between them.
1.Sensors
2.Actuators
3.Gateways
4.Cloud
Actuators transfer the data from IoT devices to internet and act as a medium between them.

Q:25. _______is a kind of physical server situated at different part of the world and can be utilised as a service from different providers.
1.Cloud
2.Memory
3.Microcontroller
4.Sensor
Cloud is a kind of physical server situated at different part of the world and can be utilised as a service from different providers.

Q:26. Which layer is responsible for delivering specific services to user?
1.Perception Layer
2.Business Layer
3.Application Layer
4.Network Layer
Application layer, also called the Process layer, is the top layer, closest to you, the user, and is responsible for delivering data and network services.

Q:27. Which layer is at the top of the stack?
1.Perception Layer
2.Business Layer
3.Application Layer
4.Network Layer
Application layer is at the top of the stack.

Q:28. What is a firewall in computer networks?
1.A system designed to prevent unauthorized access
2.A web browser
3.The physical boundary of network
4.The Network Operating System
A firewall is a network security device that monitors incoming and outgoing network traffic and decides whether to allow or block specific traffic based on a defined set of security.

Q:29. Raspbian is:
1.Assembler
2.Language
3.Compiler
4.OS
Raspberry Pi OS (formerly Raspbian) is a Debian-based operating system for Raspberry Pi. Since 2015.

Q:30. The number of elements in the Open IoT Architecture?
1.6 elements
2.8 elements
3.7 elements
4.3 elements
7 elements in the Open IoT Architecture.